Groupe scolaire Casares-Doisneau par AAVP

In Saint-Denis in the Paris suburbs, the architectural firm Vincent Parreira AAVP sign the realization of the school complex inter-Casares Doisneau. The program consists of nursery and primary schools (27 classes), a leisure center, a food court, a gym and a caretaker's apartment.

On this project, the agency says Vincent Parreira AAVP:

"The architectural heritage of the Seine-Saint-Denis is rich and varied: characteristic buildings of different architectural movements of the twentieth century cross polychrome brick and stone buildings typical millstone of the late nineteenth.

The city of Saint-Denis parallel account of the great monuments of the Gothic style of the twelfth century, such as the Basilica Cathedral, and remarkable modern buildings such as the Stade de France, which mingle all industrial buildings making up the General Stores of Aubervilliers.

While industrial buildings have not always been welcomed at their commissioning, they are now true symbols of modernity that you want to keep to better reveal them. The idea of ​​heritage is the need for affiliation is a comparison with the past, in the present and for the future.

What's more ambitious than to uncover the users, children, through action sensitive and relevant awareness.

Built between social memory and heritage, the challenge was to reinterpret this together in a merger allegorical. Indeed, the rich ornamentation of our industrial buildings and spaces that flow from being lost in the collective memory. We wanted to rehabilitate this iconography, give it a contemporary value.

Built of wood, structurally and in its finish, the project demonstrates a real commitment to a soft answer, thanks to the noble and durable materials.

It falls on the ground giving a strong identity to each program:

- The ECO school building - the restoration HAL + gym building - the building BAG access to the gym - LOG building, housing guardian with independent access

The different buildings are connected together by bridges of games.

The main building ECO is a wooden building (structure / cladding) R + 2. Located north of the U plot (Cristino Garcia Street), it accommodates kindergarten and elementary schools. To avoid stifling the existing, the wooden body, east side, folds in a rhizome plan as offering a view from the street Henri Murger on the brick chimney. The latter is restored to the original state and open to the city. She plays the role of vertical guide.

Facing the ECO building, the building HAL is built on the same principle as constructive school (a wooden frame on a concrete base), with a glued laminated bracing forming a decorative lattice on top.

This building offers two large volumes bunk. The first, on the ground floor is a large volume outside sheltered, like the old halls, which are implanted in small constructions storey welcoming dining halls schools. All of these volumes is dressed in a wood cladding to recall the building ECO.

On the roof terrace of the building ECO, two treatments differ, a plant area non- accessible and an oak decking tracking area (ditto fuel passageway).

The second volume, on the floor, a large structural height (7 meters minimum) welcomes the gym. The facades of sports equipment are made of polycarbonate (nanogel process for thermal insulation). Only a full basement (double skin steel tank with thermal and acoustic insulation) is provided at a height of 2,10 meters and over the entire periphery of the gym to complete the acoustic absorption of the ceiling and protect the fronts of shock balls. This peripheral belt has an inner cladding slatted wood as the volumes of the dining halls on the ground floor. The building HAL receives solar panels on its cover.

Both buildings are marking the corners of the plot. To the west, following the ECO building, the building LOG (R + 1) which houses the guardian of the housing has a frame and wooden siding. To the east, the building BAG is an extension of the hall, connected thereto by an interior gateway. The BAG is a metal frame construction, consisting of portals, which can be seen as an extra frame building HAL, in which overlapping double-skin steel tank volumes. It houses the premises necessary for the functioning of the gym (locker rooms on floors and roof CTA).

A project with high environmental quality

The main thrusts of our HQE are:

- Implementation of the frame protecting the playgrounds of the prevailing winds and orientation of the frame for maximum comfort inside.

- Use of sustainable materials like wood for the school building.

- Efficient façade coverings (wooden shell / polycarbonate + + nanogel metallic mesh).

- Douglas fir cladding. - Outdoor wood joinery larch.

- Sun protection performance: vertical blinds and projection / Soltis fabric type from Ferrari (FS = 0.13), perforated perforated sheet 50 70% and% following case.

- Retention / infiltration and rainwater through a green roof providing comfort hydrothermal summer, permeable surfaces in the playground and a retention basin.

- Autonomy of preheating domestic hot water for the pole restoration and housing of the guardian by the installation of solar thermal collectors on the roof.

- Level THPE (very high energy efficiency) reaches representing a gain of 20% of consumption compared to the RT2005, and on all the buildings. "

Photographs: Luc Boegly

For more information, visit the website Vincent Parreira AAVP.

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